Electricification essential to economic development: Lecture presented to IED by Pascale Trompette, Director of Research at CNRS

Tphotos usages productifshis week, IED invited Ms. Trompette, Director of Research at the CNRS, to present her work.

Market sociologist Pascale Trompette works on the links between electrification and economic development.

Together with the PACTE laboratory, she helped define methodological tools to identify and support economic actors in electrification projects, especially in Malagasy and Senegalese villages.

The various IED teams (based in France, Burkina Faso, Cameroon) were able to participate in this virtual meeting in order to learn more about these new methodologies, which, while not technical, are an integral part of the projects we carry out.

 

 

 

 

Learn more about Pascale TROMPETTE's works :

https://www.pacte-grenoble.fr/membres/pascale-trompette

http://grenoble-univ.academia.edu/PascaleTrompette

IED is selected by Kenya’s Ministry of Energy to provide institutional and technical capacity building to the renewable energy sector.

Kenya MoE

Local energy planning provides an excellent opportunity to operationalise Kenya’s sustainable energy agenda, ensuring that energy services are planned to meet local development needs and are financially, socially and environmentally sustainable. IED, in partnership with Loughborough University, has been selected to contribute to this process, by supporting Kenyan energy sector stakeholders in the identification, planning and implementation of sustainable energy projects.

The project, a three-year technical assistance facility funded by the EU, is designed to support participative sustainable energy planning and project implementation through targeted technical and strategic support to national energy agencies, county-level governments, the private sector, and civil society organisations.

At the local level, our team will be responsible for accompanying 47 county governments in the preparation and implementation of County Energy Plans through a multi-step training programme based on the Energy Delivery Model.

At the national level, the project team will support the Ministry of Energy and other national agencies on engaging with local planning processes, evaluating County Energy Plans and energy projects, and in implementing policies and regulations in support of the country’s strategic energy objectives more broadly. Additional programming for the private sector and civil society groups will aim to improve overall sector engagement and address key skill gaps.

The project team will mobilise Kenyan and international experts from leading organisations in the development of innovative approaches to sustainable energy planning, including IED, Loughborough University, the African Centre for Technology Studies, CAFOD, the International Institute for the Environment and Development, and Practical Action Consulting. Project launch has been delayed by the global COVID-19 pandemic, but our team is busy organising behind the scenes and looking forward to hitting the ground running in the second half of 2020!

IED conducts a feasibility study in Madagascar for the Fanovana site hydroelectric installations

In Madagascar, IED, in association with ISL and ILS Topo Africa, provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Energy and Hydrocarbons (MEH), for the  feasibility study of the hydroelectric development of the Fanovana site (9MW),  as part of the global project to improve governance and operations in the electricity sector (PAGOSE) funded by the World Bank.

Fano

The site start-up and reconnaissance mission took place just before the pandemic, in March 2020. The first development scenarios are emerging, and further studies will begin in terms of topography, geotechnical, and environmental studies.

IED will be in charge of the study regarding the electrical connection and integration of the hydroelectric power plant on the grid, the contracting strategy (PPP) as well as the economic and financial analysis.

Fano1

Energy value of waste: the AGOGAZELEC project developed by IED

Energy value of waste from African agro-industry by the deployment of gases developed and operated by the IED group in Cambodia:  the AGROGAZELEC project.

2018 03 07 Gasifier building

The French Global Environment Fund, FFEM, supports this transfer of know-how that will both control the environmental problem of waste management and meet the electricity and heat needs of agro-industries, thus contributing to their competitiveness. The launch meeting took place on June 3rd in our office premises. The project will focus on the cashew sector.

Agro-industrial cashew production in West Africa is a major development challenge with a turnover of more than 2.7 billion euros. Today, the vast majority of this production is exported, mainly to Vietnam, to be processed and made fit for consumption. One of the major challenges of this sector today is to develop a processing capacity at the production sites, in order to maximize the added value for these producing countries and to minimise the ecological impact of the sector. Many West African countries, such as Côte d'Ivoire and Benin, are pushing in this direction.  

However, this development involves being well prepared: the operation of processing plants drastically increases the electricity bill, and the final waste represents  a major environmental challenge;  indeed, the cashew shell is particularly acidic and can neithert be stored, at the risk of degrading the soils, nor burned  in piles,  which  causes a persistent smell for several kilometers around.

In this context, the IED Group has developed, in partnership with a network of SMEs in Cambodia, a technology of gasogens  for the production of electricity by burning organic waste (rice ball, cashew shell, etc.). This solution responds both to the environmental challenge by the  complete combustion of cashew shells, but also to the economic challenge of supplying the processing plant with electricity. With more than 5 years of experience building and operating biomass power plants in Cambodia through its sister company IEDInvest, which also carries the development and financing of power plants,,  IED is now working to replicate  the model in West Africa. IED is working on this project in partnership with CIRAD, a research unit on the development of biomass energy, and Nitidae, which has  in-depth knowledge of the agricultural and agribusiness sectors in West Africa and technical and institutional expertise in the cashew sector in Africa.

The next steps in this innovative project are to adapt the concept developed in Cambodia in Côte d'Ivoire and Benin, with the focus on building the first power plant in Africa by 2022.

Project for the decentralized production of electricity and Valorization of the Rural electricity for agriculture and rural development in Cameroon, PLAN VER.

Project for the decentralized production of electricity and Valorization of the Rural electricity for agriculture and rural development in Cameroon, PLAN VER.

In 2014, a partnership between the Rural Electricity Agency of Cameroon, the Special Fund for Equipment and Intercommunal Intervention (FEICOM) and IED, was signed to carry out a project Energy Facility of the European Union (co-financed by the State of Cameroon):  the project Plan VER (decentralised production of electricity and enhancement of rural electrification for agriculture and rural development).

The main objectives of the project are:

  • Improving access to energy in rural areas, in quantity and quality;
  • Strengthen synergies between electrification and agricultural/rural development;
  • Develop local hydropower generation (in a decentralised site or connected to the national network) with the involvement of the Commons, through Public-Private Partnerships.

One of the actions of the VER Plan consists on the one hand in the construction of a small hydroelectric power plant and associated networks within the perimeter of a concession of the national electricity distributor ENEO (commune of Batié, department of the High plateaus) and in the construction of a clearing station and associated networks outside this perimeter (in the department of Mbam-and-Kim). These two components offer the opportunity to serve nearly 6000 households downstream of these sites and to have energy both in quantity and better quality, for the development of at least 200 productive uses in the agro-pastoral field.

IED thus acts as a technical assistant for the construction of these two equipments and has notably carried out the studies of Detailed Pre-Project that began  in 2018.

At present, the Call of Offers documents for the selection of construction companies for the  construction  of the Mbamand Kim developments are being finalized..

On the side of the Small Hydroelectric Power Plant of Batié, with a capacity of 1.6 MW and operating a fall of 117m on the Ché  Ngwen River, the Call for Offers for the selection of construction companies is underway, the pre-information notice is currently online until June 12, 2020:  https://www.jeuneafrique.com/annonce/944011/avis-de-pre-information/. This Call for Offers includes two lots:

  • Completion of civil engineering work;
  • Supply, installation and commissioning of hydro-electromechanical and control-control equipment.

Plane view from the top of the catch of the Small Batié Hydroelectric Power Plant

PlanVER

Development scheme for the Small Hydroelectric Power Plant in Batié

 PlanV