Electrical infrastructure planning and studies
Interconnections and coordinated development of hydroelectricity in Central Africa
In 2008-2010, on behalf of the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), IED conducted a study of the coordinated development of hydroelectricity in Central Africa, with identification of the priority projects and the 225 kV interconnections between the countries of the sub-region.
For IED, making the best use of renewable resources and maximising the impact of rural electrification projects on populations during rural electrification planning are a priority which has led to the development of the rural electrification planning tool GEOSIM©, based on Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Initially developed as an in-house work tool, GEOSIM© has been deployed in some fifteen African countries, including Benin, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Senegal and Tanzania, as well as in South-East Asia, in Cambodia and Laos amongst others. A number of related tools have also been developed.
Electrification master plan for Cambodia
In 2011, IED developed the "Strategy and Plan for the Development of Rural Electrification in the Kingdom of Cambodia" for the Cambodian Ministry of Industry, Mining and Energy. This strategy describes the financial resources required and the technologies selected to achieve the political objective of providing access to electricity to all villages in Cambodia before 2020 and to 70% of Cambodian households before 2030.
Financial engineering, public-private partnerships
Within a context of increasing deregulation of the power sector, the participation of private operators as investors or operators is increasingly sought after and needed in developing countries, to increase generation and/or distribution capacities and improve service quality in a lasting manner. Based on performance contracts, this type of intervention is relatively new for energy sector operators in a number of countries, which explains why they require a high level of support with financial engineering, the development of economic and financial models and the carrying out feasibility studies. IED is able to provide consulting services to private investors and financial institutions.
In 2012, the French Agency for Development (AFD) commissioned IED to conduct a study to evaluate the techno-economic benefits of adding a 6 MWp solar plant onto the Beninese grid. The study would be used as a basis for negotiating the feed-in tariff.
Financial engineering for a private investor, regarding a 150 kW gasifier in Cambodia
In 2011-2012, a private investor hired IED to carry out a full set of technical and financial engineering studies. Amongst other purposes, these were used to support the negotiation of the feed-in tariff and to mobilise financing from banks for a rice hull gasifier plant.
IED assists international financial institutions and banks with drawing up financing plans and monitoring financial instruments relating to rural electrification, renewable energies, and energy efficiency. These services require extensive technical knowledge of the sectors in question as well as expertise in financing tools (bank loans, hedging instruments, etc.)
In 2011, IED carried out a study on the development of a financial scheme to support energy efficiency projects and the mobilisation of renewable energies in the private sector within the UEMOA zone (8 West African countries).
IED also conducted a feasibility study for the French Development Agency (AFD), regarding the setup of a line of credit dedicated to energy efficiency and renewable energy projects within agro-industries in Kenya and Uganda.