Hydro electricity. N/A  N/A



Greening the Tea Industry in East Africa (GTIEA)

Country : Burundi. Ethiopia. Kenya. Uganda. Rwanda. Malawi. Mozambique. Tanzania
Client : EATTA - East African Tea Trade Association .
Start Date : September 2007
Completion Date : November 2012
Value of services : 1 683 574 €
Funder : European Union . UNEP (United Nations Environnement Program)
Associate/Partner : N/A
Description :
Greening the Tea Industry in East Africa (GTIEA) Project is a small-hydro power initiative, to develop Hydro power sites in tea growing areas to decrease the tea factories overdependence to the main grid. The objective of the proposed Small Hydro Power (SHP) project (0.2MW - 5MW) is to reduce electrical energy use in tea processing industries in member countries of the East African Tea Trade Association (EATTA) while increasing power supply reliability and reducing Greenhouse Gas emissions through the removal of barriers.
Specifically, the project aims to establish small hydro power demonstration projects, preferably with an attached rural electrification component in order to ensure that the power generated from the SHP will benefit tea factories and rural communities alike. The project has resulted in a number of SHP investment:
* Already commissioned at the time of the Project end: the Tagabi (0.85 MW) SHP Upgrade in Kericho, Kenya, was completed in March, 2011.
* Under construction: the contractor of Gura SHP in Kenya (5.0MW) has been on the ground from August 2012, and in Rwanda the Mountain Tea Giciye SHP (4.0MW) will be commissioned before end 2013
* Under preparation: in total, to date October 2012, KTDA has put aside $ 27.5 million for SHP planned projects. KTDA Power subsidiary plans is over 34MW.
Description of the Actual Services Provided In the frame of this project IED has provided the following services:
1. Conduct detailed feasibility studies for 2 (SHP) previously selected to supply remote Tea Factories in Kenya and Uganda.
In Uganda, a SHP plant of 1.97 MW (1.25m3 - 214m) has be proposed after optimisation to supply Igara tea factory in Bushenyi district with a dedicated MV distribution line (33kV - 34km), as well as 3 major trading centres located along the line (3500 population).
In Kenya, the optimisation has led to a SHP plant of 2.8 MW (2.5m3 - 149m) which will supply 4 tea factories located between 6 and 24 km from the powerhouse through 3 dedicated MV feeders (11kV - 35km).
2. Development of four (4) concrete rural electrification plans wherein feasibility studies had been drawn for SHP development, namely: Nandi Hills, Kenya; Mulanje, Malawi; Giciye, Rwanda; and Tukuyu, Tanzania
(a) to identify policy, regulatory, and commercial barriers restricting the uptake of cogeneration and renewable energy systems from agro-industries;
(b) to develop detailed policy and regulatory guidelines and incentives for adoption of cleaner energy from agro-industries into rural electrification programmes;
(c) to enhance local and regional capacity of public institutions, private sector (financial institutions, agro-industries, rural stakeholders) for the effective utilisation of cogeneration and other cleaner energy systems from agro-industries in the rural electrification process, and
(d) to promote rural electrification packages for financing by rural electrification funds/ agencies and dedicated donors.
3. Design contractual conditions in the case of two hydro power stations: Gura (5 MW) near Nyeri and Kipchoria (3 MW) near Nandi, both in Kenya. IED proposed (i) various commercial options consisting of IPP, private lines, wheeling; (ii) a methodology based to estimate wheeling capacity and energy charges and (iii) that wheeling tariffs are in line with the usual KPLC tariffs and ruled by the same contractual structure